Al-Bukhaari (2736) and Muslim (2677) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever learns them by heart will enter Paradise.”
Names of Allah
Those who affirmed that the greatest name of Allah exists and that it is a specific name, but they differed as to which is the greatest name, and there are fourteen views! Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) has listed them in his book Fath al-Baari (11/224-225). They are as follows:
- Hu! (He!)
- Allah ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem (Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)
- ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem al-Hayy al-Qayyoom (the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer)
- al-Hayy al-Qayyoom (the Ever-Living, the Sustainer)
- al-Hannaan al-Mannaan Badee‘ as-Samawaati wa’l-Ard Dhu’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam al-Hayy al-Qayyoom (the Compassionate, the Bestower, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Possessor of majesty and honour, Ever-Living, Sustainer)
- Badee‘ as-Samawaati wa’l-Ard Dhu’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam (the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Possessor of majesty and honour)
- Dhu’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam (the Possessor of majesty and honour)
- Allahu laa ilaaha illa Huwa al-Ahad as-Samad alladhi lam yalid wa lam yoolad wa lam yakun lahu kufuwan ahad (Allah there is no god but He, the One, the Eternal Refuge, who neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent)
- Rabb Rabb (Lord, Lord)
- The prayer of Dhu’n-Noon in the belly of the fish: laa ilaaha illa anta subhaanaka inni kuntu min az-zaalimeen (There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers) [al-Anbiya’ 21:87]
- Huwa Allah Allah Allah alladhi laa ilaaha illa Huwa Rabb al-‘arsh al-‘azeem (He is Allah, Allah, Allah, besides Whom there is no other god, Lord of the mighty Throne)
- It is concealed within the divine names
- The word of Tawheed: Laa ilaaha ill-Allah (there is no god but Allah).
Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
It should be understood that the scholars differed as to which is the greatest name of Allah, and there are fourteen views, which were listed by al-Haafiz in al-Fath, followed by the evidence for each view.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:
The names of Allaah are not limited to a certain number. The evidence for that is the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the saheeh hadeeth: “O Allaah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave… I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You.”
Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 1/122.
Hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘There is no one among you who, when he is stricken with distress and grief, says, “Allaahumma inni ‘abduka wabnu ‘abdika wabnu amatika naasiyati bi yadika maadin fiyya hukmuka, ‘adlun fiyya qadaa’uka. As’aluka bi kull ismin huwa laka sammayta bihi nafsaka aw allamtahu ahadan min khalqika aw anzaltahu fi kitaabika aw asta’tharta bihi fi ‘ilm il-ghayb ‘indaka an taj’al al-Qur’aana rabee’a qalbi wa noora sadri wa jilaa’a huzni wa dhahaaba hammi [O Allaah, I am Your slave, sone of Your slave and son of Your maidservant, my forelock is in Your hand. Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You named Yourself with, or You taught to any of Your creation, or revealed in Your Book, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Qur’aan the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety]” – but Allaah will remove his distress and his grief, and will give him joy instead…”
(Reported by Imaam Ahmad, 3582; it is a saheeh hadeeth).