Names of Allah

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Al-Bukhaari (2736) and Muslim (2677) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever learns them by heart will enter Paradise.”

All praise is due to Allah, We worship Him, We seek His help and His forgiveness, and we turn to Him in repentance. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our ill deeds. Whoever is guided by Allah can not be led astray, and whoever goes astray cannot be guided.

“And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them’ [al-A‘raaf 7:180]. 

1. Ar-Rahman (الرحمن) The All-Compassionate
2. Ar-Rahim (الرحيم) The All-Merciful
3. Al-Malik (الملك) The Absolute Ruler
4. Al-Quddus (القدوس) The Pure One
5. As-Salam (السلام) The Source of Peace
6. Al-Mu'min (المؤمن) The Inspirer of Faith
7. Al-Muhaymin (المهيمن) The Guardian
8. Al-Aziz (العزيز) The Victorious
9. Al-Jabbar (الجبار) The Compeller
10. Al-Mutakabbir (المتكبر) The Greatest
11. Al-Khaliq (الخالق) The Creator
12. Al-Bari' (البارئ) The Maker of Order
13. Al-Musawwir (المصور) The Shaper of Beauty
14. Al-Ghaffar (الغفار) The Forgiving
15. Al-Qahhar (القهار) The Subduer
16. Al-Wahhab (الوهاب) The Giver of All
17. Ar-Razzaq (الرزاق) The Sustainer
18. Al-Fattah (الفتاح) The Opener
19. Al-`Alim (العليم) The Knower of All
20. Al-Qabid (القابض) The Constrictor
21. Al-Basit (الباسط) The Reliever
22. Al-Khafid (الخافض) The Abaser
23. Ar-Rafi (الرافع) The Exalter
24. Al-Mu'izz (المعز) The Bestower of Honors
25. Al-Mudhill (المذل) The Humiliator
26. As-Sami (السميع) The Hearer of All
27. Al-Basir (البصير) The Seer of All
28. Al-Hakam (الحكم) The Judge
29. Al-`Adl (العدل) The Just
30. Al-Latif (اللطيف) The Subtle One
31. Al-Khabir (الخبير) The All-Aware
32. Al-Halim (الحليم) The Forbearing
33. Al-Azim (العظيم) The Magnificent
34. Al-Ghafur (الغفور) The Forgiver and Hider of Faults
35. Ash-Shakur (الشكور) The Rewarder of Thankfulness
36. Al-Ali (العلى) The Highest
37. Al-Kabir (الكبير) The Greatest
38. Al-Hafiz (الحفيظ) The Preserver
39. Al-Muqit (المقيت) The Nourisher
40. Al-Hasib (الحسيب) The Accounter
41. Al-Jalil (الجليل) The Mighty
42. Al-Karim (الكريم) The Generous
43. Ar-Raqib (الرقيب) The Watchful One
44. Al-Mujib (المجيب) The Responder to Prayer
45. Al-Wasi (الواسع) The All-Comprehending
46. Al-Hakim (الحكيم) The Perfectly Wise
47. Al-Wadud (الودود) The Loving One
48. Al-Majeed (المجيد) The Majestic One
49. Al-Ba'ith (الباعث) The Resurrector
50. Ash-Shahid (الشهيد) The Witness
51. Al-Haqq (الحق) The Truth
52. Al-Wakil (الوكيل) The Trustee
53. Al-Qawiyy (القوى) The Possessor of All Strength
54. Al-Matin (المتين) The Forceful One
55. Al-Waliyy (الولى) The Governor
56. Al-Hamid (الحميد) The Praised One
57. Al-Muhsi (المحصى) The Appraiser
58. Al-Mubdi' (المبدئ) The Originator
59. Al-Mu'id (المعيد) The Restorer
60. Al-Muhyi (المحيى) The Giver of Life
61. Al-Mumit (المميت) The Taker of Life
62. Al-Hayy (الحي) The Ever Living One
63. Al-Qayyum (القيوم) The Self-Existing One
64. Al-Wajid (الواجد) The Finder
65. Al-Majid (الماجد) The Glorious
66. Al-Wahid (الواحد) The Unique, The Single
67. Al-Ahad (الاحد) The One, The Indivisible
68. As-Samad (الصمد) The Satisfier of All Needs
69. Al-Qadir (القادر) The All Powerful
70. Al-Muqtadir (المقتدر) The Creator of All Power
71. Al-Muqaddim (المقدم) The Expediter
72. Al-Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) The Delayer
73. Al-Awwal (الأول) The First
74. Al-Akhir (الأخر) The Last
75. Az-Zahir (الظاهر) The Manifest One
76. Al-Batin (الباطن) The Hidden One
77. Al-Wali (الوالي) The Protecting Friend
78. Al-Muta'ali (المتعالي) The Supreme One
79. Al-Barr (البر) The Doer of Good
80. At-Tawwab (التواب) The Guide to Repentance
81. Al-Muntaqim (المنتقم) The Avenger
82. Al-'Afuww (العفو) The Forgiver
83. Ar-Ra'uf (الرؤوف) The Clement
84. Malik-al-Mulk (مالك الملك) The Owner of All
85. Dhu-al-Jalal wa-al-Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) The Lord of Majesty and Bounty
86. Al-Muqsit (المقسط) The Equitable One
87. Al-Jami' (الجامع) The Gatherer
88. Al-Ghani (الغنى) The Rich One
89. Al-Mughni (المغنى) The Enricher
90. Al-Mani'(المانع) The Preventer of Harm
91. Ad-Darr (الضار) The Creator of The Harmful
92. An-Nafi' (النافع) The Creator of Good
93. An-Nur (النور) The Light
94. Al-Hadi (الهادي) The Guide
95. Al-Badi (البديع) The Originator
96. Al-Baqi (الباقي) The Everlasting One
97. Al-Warith (الوارث) The Inheritor of All
98. Ar-Rashid (الرشيد) The Righteous Teacher
99. As-Sabur (الصبور) The Patient One

Those who affirmed that the greatest name of Allah exists and that it is a specific name, but they differed as to which is the greatest name, and there are fourteen views! Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) has listed them in his book Fath al-Baari (11/224-225). They are as follows:

  1. Hu! (He!)
  2. Allah
  3. Allah ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem (Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)
  4. ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem al-Hayy al-Qayyoom (the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer)
  5. al-Hayy al-Qayyoom (the Ever-Living, the Sustainer)
  6. al-Hannaan al-Mannaan Badee‘ as-Samawaati wa’l-Ard Dhu’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam al-Hayy al-Qayyoom (the Compassionate, the Bestower, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Possessor of majesty and honour, Ever-Living, Sustainer)
  7. Badee‘ as-Samawaati wa’l-Ard Dhu’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam (the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Possessor of majesty and honour)
  8. Dhu’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam (the Possessor of majesty and honour)
  9. Allahu laa ilaaha illa Huwa al-Ahad as-Samad alladhi lam yalid wa lam yoolad wa lam yakun lahu kufuwan ahad (Allah there is no god but He, the One, the Eternal Refuge, who neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent)
  10. Rabb Rabb (Lord, Lord)
  11. The prayer of Dhu’n-Noon in the belly of the fish: laa ilaaha illa anta subhaanaka inni kuntu min az-zaalimeen (There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers) [al-Anbiya’ 21:87]
  12. Huwa Allah Allah Allah alladhi laa ilaaha illa Huwa Rabb al-‘arsh al-‘azeem (He is Allah, Allah, Allah, besides Whom there is no other god, Lord of the mighty Throne)
  13. It is concealed within the divine names
  14. The word of Tawheed: Laa ilaaha ill-Allah (there is no god but Allah).

Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

It should be understood that the scholars differed as to which is the greatest name of Allah, and there are fourteen views, which were listed by al-Haafiz in al-Fath, followed by the evidence for each view. 

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Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: 

The names of Allaah are not limited to a certain number. The evidence for that is the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the saheeh hadeeth: “O Allaah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave… I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You.” 

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 1/122.

Hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘There is no one among you who, when he is stricken with distress and grief, says, “Allaahumma inni ‘abduka wabnu ‘abdika wabnu amatika naasiyati bi yadika maadin fiyya hukmuka, ‘adlun fiyya qadaa’uka. As’aluka bi kull ismin huwa laka sammayta bihi nafsaka aw allamtahu ahadan min khalqika aw anzaltahu fi kitaabika aw asta’tharta bihi fi ‘ilm il-ghayb ‘indaka an taj’al al-Qur’aana rabee’a qalbi wa noora sadri wa jilaa’a huzni wa dhahaaba hammi [O Allaah, I am Your slave, sone of Your slave and son of Your maidservant, my forelock is in Your hand. Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You named Yourself with, or You taught to any of Your creation, or revealed in Your Book, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Qur’aan the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety]” – but Allaah will remove his distress and his grief, and will give him joy instead…”

(Reported by Imaam Ahmad, 3582; it is a saheeh hadeeth).


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